Agreement made in the name and on behalf of the Hon. Company, by the General JACOB
RUYCHAVER, with the king of GREATER ACCRA
I OUCHY, King of GREAT ACCRA and surrounding country, have made a treaty (ben verdraagen) and agreed with the Chief Factors, Willem van Meechkeren and Jan van Hoogenhoeck, the Chattered West India Company and in the name of the Hon. Director, Mr. JACOB RUYCHAVER, to whom I cede (opdraeg) my country and place of SMALL ACCRA, in order to be able to make there such form of lodge of House, yea even a Fort, as it shall please him the aforenamed Director, to which my people and subjects on the beach shall not have anything to say in contradiction (“waertoe zonder eenige tegensprecken van mijn volk en ondersaeten op strand iest sal hebben te seggen”). For which I, the king aforenamed, acknowledged to have received eight large bendas gold, calculated at Oz.2.engels,8, troy gold weight once for all; provided he receives his monthly gifts of 2 oz; with 3oz, 2 engels more for his Cabesseros of GREAT ACCRAA, and his Lieutenant TEIJ 1 Oz, 14 Engels, all also once for all. Hereof made two of the same tenor, (van cender inhout), signed by the above named persons. ACTUM in the Court (Hoff) of the King of GREAT ACCRAA, Adij the 30th August 1642.
The above is translated from the Dutch copy in WIC. Verspreyde, 1162. There the date is given as 30th August 1641, as also in Doorman. Other copies give the date as 1642, some as 20th August. In view of Ruychaver’s own letters and the date of the copy Memo of expenses, immediately next hereafter following, the correct date appears to be 30th August 1642.
Memorandum of the present made, and expenses incurred in obtaining and making a lodge at SMALL ACCRA, on the beach. Everything done by order of the Director, JACOB RUYCHAVER, since my arrival on 27th August, before ACCRA aforesaid, till my departure on 13th September 1642.
Mk. Oz. Eng.
Present to the King on our arrival to
Ask for a Lodge. Lyweat, Serge, and Spirits 2 8
Paid to the King aforesaid for the
Accord & permission for the lodge at
SMALL ACCRA. Gold, M. 1-7-8 , Benin cloths,
0-2-8 2 2 0
To the King’s lieut. Named TEIJ. Gold. 1 14
Caboceers of GREAT ACCRA. Lyweat. (linen) 3 2
To the King’s children. Lyweat 1 2
Cabooceers of SMALL ACCRA, on the beach 5 8
St. JAGO for the expenses paid when at 12
GREAT ACCRA. Gold.
Sundry “costgeld”. Slaves, Canoemen &c. 1 2 0
St. JAGO. For assistance in everything.
Gold. 4 0
To sundry principal people of GREAT
ACCRA. & C. & c. 6 10
Boat money. Gold. 1 8
at GREAT & SMALL ACCRA together with the
MANSEVOS. 6 ½ anchers spirits 4 14
St. JAGO, for expenses, Gold. 1 12
Canoe hire 3 2
Presents to King and St. JAGO, from
Director, RUYCHAVER. Lyweat &c. 5 0
Total. M.8 5 12
YH’s obedient servant,
(sgd) Willem van Meeckeren
Translated from the copies in WIC. Verspreyde, 1163.
Pp. 71. 72., and annexure, L.W. to letter from WIC TO s.g. 29yj June 1662, in SG.Lok.kas. Zweden. 38.)
Agreement made between General Jacob
Van der Weland the King of GREAT ACCRA.
(Translated from the copy in OWIC 12)
1. Firstly, the General aforenamed binds himself that all the old privileges, gifts and presents which have been bestowed by his predecessors upon the King, Traders and other adherents since the year 1642 shall remain in their old force unless reasons compel him or his successor thereto in the point of breaches of these Articles by the “Commandeur” or his subjects.
2. The General permits that when the Traders sail to the windward places with beasts or Accory to trade there, they may spend the proceeds of gold in merchandise, under such reservation, not to sell trade to foreign nations, but only to the factories of the Company (“of Delmina, Mouree or Adia” – Doorman).
3. The King promises and swears with solemn oaths that neither now nor evermore will he allow or permit any foreign nation, or those who are outside the Company in this country, to come and drive or exercise trade in gold, slaves, or Accory, much less directly or indirectly to make any forts or allow them houses where they should wish to establish trade; but will, with all his power, help to prevent such, whether his subjects desire it or not; with this exception, that if and when the General gives no order to his subordinates for the purchase of slaves, his inhabitants may freely sell them to foreigners, otherwise not; and without them being allowed to do any gold trade with them.
4. Upon this aforesaid Article, the King promises that if it happens that any foreign ships came to anchor here before the port (beach in Doorman) to trade gold and Acory, and his subjects wished to help them with it, to allow the factor lying here, or whoever may have the authority, to seize, with his force, the purchased goods, and to confiscate one half for the profit of the Company, and other half for his person and caboceers.
5. He further promises that if our nation, or the Company’s servants, should come to get any injury (misquaam) through any wanton subjects, he will bring the evil-doers to punishment with all rigour.
Thus done, agreed, and approved, today 4th August 1649, in the lodge at ACCRA.
(Sgd) J.A. Van der WEL,
THE Mark of the King.
(Sgd) Hendrick Froon.
(Sgd) Jan van Sweeden.
(Copies also in St. Gen. Loket Kas (Sweeden)38.
St. Gen. Loket Kas (Deenemaerek) 41.
Doorman, Beilage 3.p. 4811.
In Article 1, Supra, the date in the copy in WIC.co.12. appears to 1647. The copy in Doorman gives it as 1641, which according to the copy in his book, was also the date of the first treaty with Accra. As the date of the first treaty was clearly 1642, this date, 1642, has been inserted in Art. 1, Supra, as the Article clearly refers to the previous treaty.
AGREEMENT MADE BETWEEN Jost Cramer on
behalf of the Danish African Company
and the King of Accra.
I Kanckoy king of Great Accra hereby make known by this writing of which three copies have been made and signed by me that I for myself and for all the Capeciers succeeding me and have the government and direction of Great Accra both inland and on the sea coast uupon the underwritten date, have newly sold for ever to the Hon. Jost Cramer, Commandant at Friedricheorg in Guinea in the name and on behalf of the king of Denmark and his Hon. Chattered Danish African Company and lands and sea beaches of Orzou for the sum of 50 bendas in goods upon the following conditions: that the said Commandant, Cramer shall build at Orzou a fort and stone house for his king and his Hon. Chattered Danish African Company at the first opportunity and of the best possible value. For this I will afford all possible assistance and moreover will be bound to help defend the said Danish African Company in Orzou and in all other lands and sea beaches belonging to my territory against all hostile attacks and troubles either by the inhabitants and natives or other white nations, whoever they might be, as then, I hereby once freely confer and transfer to the said Cramer for his principals all the territory and prerogatives of Cars for all time and forever in ownership to use and employ as they will and please. For further assurance thereof, I have eaten the fetish named Aquandoe in the presence of Ahen the son of the deceased Fetu King Hennequa, who has been sent for the oath from Fetu and Jan Classen of Friedricheorg, and I have signed with my own hand and impressed with my ring three copies hereof.
Done in Great Accra the 18th August 1661.
 Furley Collection N 1639-45, as translated by Furley.